Login Git In Windows - GitBash Login

1 week ago | Clarissa Mertz

Login Git In Windows - GitBash Login

When compared to Linux or Mac, setting up Git on Windows can be difficult, but if you follow the steps in this guide, you should have no problems utilizing Git on Windows. We've done the legwork and selected a variety of solutions at critical points to make things easier for you. This guide will walk you through installing and configuring Git, as well as connecting it to remote repositories for cloning, pushing, and pulling. Create a Beanstalk account if you don't already have one.

Choosing a Git repository

For Windows, there are two Git packages to choose from: a Cygwin-based Git and a version called msysGit. We'll go over how to set up the msysGit package. We advocate installing msysGit over the Cygwin-based installation because we've found it to be easier to deal with.

Getting Git to Work

Double-click the msysGit executable once it has been downloaded to launch the installation wizard. Leave the directory choices as they are. Select the “Run Git from the Windows Command Prompt” option when you reach to the “Adjusting your Path environment” setting. If you select this option, you will be able to perform Git commands from the Windows Command Prompt (command line). Command Prompt is a simple application that allows you to run commands, navigate between folders, and manage files. It is launched by selecting RUN... from the START menu and typing cmd.

It's a Git Bash

You'll see that we'll be using Git Bash to run Git commands for the rest of this post. The Git Bash tool is similar to Windows' basic Command Prompt, but it includes a few more functions. You'll be able to utilise a variety of UNIX command line tools in addition to Git with Git Bash, which we encourage because it's typically easier to use than the Windows Command Prompt.

You'll need to generate an SSH key pair for your Windows machine in order to communicate with the remote Git repository in your Beanstalk account. There are only a few steps to this process, but you must first install msysGit using the full installer. as previously stated

  • Creating a pair of keys

You'll need to launch Git Bash from your START menu to accomplish this. Execute the following command:

It will request your location as well as your passphrase. By pressing ENTER, you accept the default location (typically C:Documents and Settingsusername.ssh or C:Usersusername.ssh). After that, make sure the key has a good passphrase.

Now that the keys have been generated, use a text editor to open the file id rsa.pub (located in the default directory from the previous step). Your new public key is contained inside the contents of this file. You can paste it into your Beanstalk profile (under the PROFILE AND SETTINGS KEYS= section) if you copy it to your clipboard.

Beanstalk SSH Key Details

You should be able to check a connection and then push or pull with your remote Git repository after setting up the SSH key on Beanstalk. Check the $HOME directory in your Windows operating system if you're having difficulties using SSH keys. Other software can alter the HOME or HOME PATH environment variables to point to a different location than your actual home directory (Documents and Settings).

Performing a connection check

Check if the connection to your remote repository works before attempting to access your Beanstalk repository. To do so, open Git Bash and type the following command, replacing accountname with your own account name:

[email protected] ssh [email protected]

This is the URL to access Git on your Beanstalk account in this situation. If you're using a different version control hosting service, they'll give you the URL.

When authenticating or later attempting to connect to a Git repository, you will most likely see a warning similar to this:

It is unable to verify the authenticity of host 'accountname.beanstalkapp.com ('. 30:9a:97:f3:19:4f:d1:6e:28:76:9e:e7:d1:df:2c:31 is the RSA key fingerprint.

Are you certain you want to keep connected (yes/no)?

If you input yes and hit ENTER, your account's hostname accountname.beanstalkapp.com will be added to the known host's file. Unless your public key or account names change, you won't need to repeat this step.

Using PuTTY to access your Git repository as an alternative to OpenSSH

Installing Git and connecting to your Git repository via PuTTY can be a pain, therefore we prefer using the OpenSSH method indicated in the instructions above. Although using OpenSSH is simple and straightforward, if OpenSSH is not an option or you prefer to connect to your repositories via PuTTY for some reason, here is a step-by-step guide on how to do so.

You'll build SSH keys and use them to connect with your remote Git repositories, just as you would with OpenSSH; the difference is that you'll utilise PuTTY's utilities to generate, store, and use the keys.

Getting PuTTY to Work

You can execute the PuTTY installation package after downloading it. At the time of writing, the most recent installation package is putty-0.60-installer.exe, which may be found under the description "A Windows installer for everything except PuTTYtel."

PuTTY should be installed at the default recommended location, which is usually c: Program FilesPuTTY. Once installed, go to the installation folder and look for the following files:

plink is a command-line interface to PuTTY's backends.

Other files are included, but for the sake of this instruction, you only need to be familiar with plink, puttygen, pageant, and putty.

Adding the GIT SSH environment variable

You'll need to add a GIT SSH variable to your environment variables after installing the PuTTY package Using the defaults we established earlier, this will most likely be: GIT SSH=c:Program FilesPuttyplink.exe GIT SSH=c:Program FilesPuttyplink.exe GIT SSH=c:Program FilesP.

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